- A Norwegian-Armenian collaboration program
The project "Sustainable Small Hydropower Development for Energy Security" was implemented by a consortium of Norwegian and Armenian partners, managed by Norsk Energi and and funded by a grant from the Norwegian Ministry of Foreign Affairs. The project was implemented during 2011-2014, with the aim to improve the resource efficiency of small hydropower plants (SHPs) in Armenia, and mitigate environmental and social impacts from construction of new SHPs.
Norsk Energi managed the project, with Sweco, Gauldal Consult and the International Center for Hydropower as Norwegian Partners. Hydroenergetica Ltd. was the lead Armenian partner.
The project consisted of three main components, all closely connected:
1. Framework assessments related to the environmental impact of SHPs.
The framework assessment was conducted by a ESIA Working Group consisting of representatives from Norwegian and Armenian authorities and environmental experts, as well as environmental NGOs in Armenia. The main purpose of the Working Group was to establish a forum where decision makers and stakeholders can meet to discuss openly ways to implement new standards for Environmental and Social Impact Assessments (ESIA) for the small hydro power sector in Armenia. The Working Group will be supported by technical experts with background from the Norwegian hydropower sector. The output of the framework assessments was a set of 6 Reports, as well as Summary Report. All are available for download below.
2. Capacity building, and facilitation of permanent training opportunities;
A collaboration between Norwegian and Armenian universities was set up, and scholarships were secured for exchange students from Armenia to Norway and the Norwegian University of Science and Techonology (NTNU). The student exchange program was followed by an assessment on how to provide sustainable SHP training opportunities for private sector in Armenia. In collaboration with the academic institutions in Armenia, a pilot training program was implemented. The collaboration between the Universities in Armenia and NTNU in Norway continues after this program was closed.
3. Case SHP project, demonstrating important aspects in the two first pillars.
A case project was selected serve as an example, for development of a best practice Environmental and Social Impact Assessment. The case project demonstrates important aspects from the framework assessments, and the experiences from this process were used in the capacity building program.
- ESIA Working Group Summary Report ENG, ARM
- ESIA Working Group Report A – SWOT Analysis: ENG, ARM
- ESIA Working Group Report B – Social Impacts and Local benefits: ENG, ARM
- ESIA Working Group Report C – Environmental Impacts and Mitigation: ENG, ARM
- ESIA Working Group Report D – Hydrological Data: ENG, ARM
- ESIA Working Group Report E – Optimal SHP: ENG, ARM
- ESIA Working Group Report F – Monitoring: ENG, ARM
Contact: Sergei Faschevsky